- Established: May 17, 1937.
- Size: 5,834 acres (land), 25,700 acres (Proclamation Boundary Waters).
- Located on the north end of Hatteras Island, a coastal barrier island and part of a chain of islands known as the Outer Banks.
- Approximately 13 miles long (north to south) and ranges from a quarter mile to 1 mile wide (from east to west).
- Location: 10 miles south of Nags Head, North Carolina on NC 12.
- Administered by Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge as a part of complex; Alligator River Manager supervises the Mackay Island, Currituck, and Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Managers.
- The Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan for Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge is complete.
- Area was historically used for market waterfowl hunting, commercial fishing, farming, and
- Refuge is comprised of ocean beach, dunes, upland, fresh and brackish water ponds, salt flats, and salt marsh.
- Bird list boasts more than 365 species; wildlife list has 25 species of mammals, 24 species of reptiles, and 5 species (low number due to salt environment) of amphibians.
- Concentrations of ducks, geese, swans, wading birds, shore birds, raptors, neotropical migrants are seasonally abundant on refuge.
- Refuge has 1,000 acres of manageable waterfowl impoundments.
- Several shorebird nesting areas and wading bird rookeries are located on the refuge.
- Endangered and threatened species include: peregrine falcons, loggerhead sea turtles, and piping plovers.
- Provide nesting, resting, and wintering habitat for migratory birds, including the greater snow geese and other migratory waterfowl, shorebirds, wading birds, raptors, and neotropical migrants.
- Provide habitat and protection for endangered and threatened species.
- Provide opportunities for public enjoyment of wildlife and wildlands resources. Public use programs focus on interpretation, environmental education, wildlife observation, wildlife photography, and fishing.